DAMASCUS – The US and Russia have been successful in brokering a truce in Syria. According to Syrian state media, President Bashar al-Assad vowed to save country and is happy with the deal. “Syrian government is responsible to recover every area from the terrorist,” he said.
It remains to be seen whether or not the rebel factions decide co-operate with the deal. The Free Syrian Army has agreed to co-operate with the US. “This deal is the only chance to bring unity in country,” John Kerry added. However, he refused to comment about effectiveness of the agreement.
On the other hand, rebel factions such as the Islamist Ahrar al-Sham have completely rejected the deal. Ali al-Omar specially broadcast a video saying that the people who fought six long years cannot accept such piecemeal solutions.
Despite the truce, there were a number of violations. Around 70 people from various rebel group were killed in violence at Aleppo and Idlib, two of the worst-affected cities, over the weekend as Russia and United States agreed to provide access to humanitarian groups for aid.
As a result of the unclear agreement, how the truce is enforced or obeserved in different parts of Syria remains to be seen. However, if ceasefire holds for more than 5 days, the US and Russian government will jointly start attacking the jihadist forces.
According to UN reports, the Syrian conflict has resulted in a migration crisis of a magnitude that this world has never before witnessed. More than 5 million people have left the country, while 7 million others have been displaced within the country.
If the truce is successful, then we can expect President Assad to gain strength as the US and Russia join forces to combat jihadist groups such as the Islamic State and the Nusra front.
– Punit Vara, Correspondent (Asia: Middle East & Central)