Yasmine Canga-Valles,

Correspondent ((Asia – Middle East & Central)


TRIPOLI – It has been a year now that Muammar al-Gaddafi was savagely killed after 40 years of power. The Libyan Revolution was the first bitter taste of the Arab Spring with a violent civil war that lasted nine months.

Today, reports question the exact circumstances of his death. Human Rights Watch, for example, declared that Gaddafi was ‘executed’ and not ‘killed’ in Syrte last October 20th. This could imply that if the Al-Gaddafi father and son were deliberately killed in captivity this was a ‘war crime’. On the Anniversary of his death, Amnesty International urged the new Libyan authorities to start a full impartial investigation on the conditions of their death.


Libya without Gaddafi: A Timeline


  • Twelve months after, the country is in the long process of building a new political structure. Even if this July 7th marked the country’s first elections in four decades, the country is still divided by dozens of militias with their own agenda. Many civilians testify that the security situation remains the most difficult thing, as weapons circulate around the country.
  • The recent events in Tripoli, on the 9/11 anniversary, showed that tensions are still omnipresent and things can blow up very quickly today in Libya. It is also said that a branch affiliated to Al-Qaeda in North Africa is installed there and was involved in the attack of the US Embassy.
  • According to Security experts, the area around Benghazi hides some Islamist groups, hostile to the Occidental presence in their country –and in Muslim countries in general.
  • On October 14th, the Libyan General National Congress elected a new Prime Minister: Ali Zeidan, a human rights lawyer. Zeidan was elected after Mustafa Abu Shagur failed to form a proper cabinet for all the political parties. His challenge would be to reconcile the two oppositions and reestablish security. Indeed, the tensions between the areas of Bani Walid and Misrata are still tangible. As Bani Walid remained loyal to Gaddafi during the civil war, it is today isolated from the rest of Libya. Militants from Misrata were even in the forefront in the attacks of Bani Walid last week.
  • In conclusion, even if Gaddafi died last year, the country is not yet free. Hope to settle as a democracy remains and the solution seems to be time. Yet, the longer the politicians will take to find a proper solution the more the gap between tribes, militias, towns and pro-Gaddafi will enlarge itself.


Image Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons (NovusLuxKudzu1Bernd.Brinckenليبي_صح)