Systematic violations of Human Rights due to armed conflicts increases all over the world turning live harder
Armed conflicts around the world kills, injures and let thousands of people permanently disabled every day. Most of theses conflicts are internal and happen mostly because of ethnicity, identity, religion and competition for natural resources. In 2013, armed conflicts, generalised violence and Human Rights violations displaced 33.3 million people. Central African Republic (CAR), South Sudan, Syria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, are just few of the countries under armed conflict or generalised violence.
The most vulnerable parts of these conflicts are naturally women and children. Conflict-affected countries keep almost 29 million children out of school. Forty-four per cent of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa, 19 per cent in South and West Asia and 14 per cent in the Arab States, data according to UNESCO.
CAR suffers due to a Christians offensive, the Anti-Balaka group, against Muslims — the Séléka group. The offensive against Muslims may be considered as an ethnic cleansing, although Catherine Samba-Panza, the interim President, had said that the conflict is based only on religious aspects. In April, the United Nations Security Council resolution 2149 (2014), showed its concerns about the Human Rights violations on CAR. The country has 4,00,000 people internally displaced. The Muslim community is massively leaving the country, crossing mostly to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Sudan. Beyond all ethnics conflicts the country is on a food and malnutrition crises, and Malaria is also a huge problem at the region.
The situation is also difficult in South Sudan that has declared independence in 2011. The country is going through serious ethnic, tribal crises. United States Secretary of State John Kerry warned the world of a possible genocide in South Sudan if more peacekeepers are not sent to give an end to the conflict. And the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, said that people are suffering huge human rights violations, including violence and sexual violence as well as violations related to the right to food in the country.
Syria closed 2013 with two million refugees fleeing the country. The country has many different armed groups fighting for the power and more than 100 thousand people were already killed in the Syria conflict. From January to May 2014 almost 2,000 people were killed in Aleppo, the city that is divided between rebels and pro Bashar al-Assad regime.
On April 7, 2014, 20 years after Rwanda’s genocide people are still dying due to ethnic rivalry. In 1994 more than 8,00,000 Rwandans were killed during an ethnic cleansing among Hutu and Tutsi, approximately 70% of the Tutsi population in Rwanda were decimated. Borders in Africa were created to fulfil the colonial powers interests. Former colonies are still suffering the consequences of times when irresponsible colonial powers took away all they could from these countries leaving behind decimated, explored, and hopeless populations.
— Raisa Barcellos, Correspondent (Our World)
Image Courtesy: SSgt Ryan Crane, Released into the public domain | Wikimedia Commons